Significant independent clinical research using PAL® technology with premature infants has been conducted.

    1. Chorna OD, Slaughter JC, Wang L, et al. A pacifier-activated music player with mother’s voice improves oral feeding in preterm infants. Pediatrics. 2014; 133 (3): 462-468. Click Here
    2. Standley, JM, Cassidy J, Grant R, et al. The effects of music reinforcement for non-nutritive sucking on nipple feeding of premature infants. Pediatric Nursing. 2010; 36 (3): 138-146. Click Here
    3. Standley JM. The effect of music-reinforced non-nutritive sucking on feeding rate of premature infants. Pediatric Nursing. 2003; 18 (3): 169-173. Click Here
    4. Whipple, J. The effect of music-reinforced non-nutritive sucking on state of preterm, low birth weight infants experiencing heel stick. Journal of Music Therapy. 2008: 45 (3): 227-272 Click Here
    5. Casper J. Anthony, Fifer William P., “Of Human Bonding: Newborns Prefer Their Mother’s Voice”, Science, Vol. 208. Issue 4448, June 6, 1980. Click Here

Vanderbilt Research Study

Vanderbilt Medical School Research Study. “A Pacifier-activated Music Player with Mother’s Voice Improves Oral Feeding in Preterm Infants.” Pediatrics, February 2014.

Click here for Pediatrics abstract. Full text available through your hospital’s subscription to Pediatrics.

Vanderbilt Videos

Matt TatemResearch